Stop! If you've come to this page before completing the free reading comprehension worksheet 6 "Carbohydrate Craze" then head back there and complete the questions, first!
Once you've finished, then check out the answers to the questions below. Remember, each question deals with what is stated or implied in the text.
1. As it is used in the last sentence in paragraph 1, the word exhausted most nearly means
The correct answer is C. The context clues give us a hint. We find that the body once had carbohydrates – the "body that relies on carbohydrates" – which means that the word famished, meaning "starving" or "wanting" doesn't quite make sense. Choice A is out. Choice B, although correct out of this context, does not work in this sentence. Context is important! Choice D is a distractor question. Derived means "resultant" so it doesn't work. Choice C, depleted, which means "used up" makes perfect sense.
2. Based on the first paragraph, which of the following statements would best coincide with the author's opinion of advertisers who sell "carb-free" products?
(A) Advertisers are not promoting the truth when they promote carb-free products.
(B) Advertisers are money-hungry people who would rather make a dollar than consider the safety of their carb-free advertising campaigns.
(C) Despite their best intentions, advertisers are contributing to obesity in the United States.
(D) Advertisers have consumers' best interests in mind when they provide healthy options for Americans.
The correct answer is A. The question can be tricky. You must choose the answer that reflects the author's opinion, not your own. We know that the Dr. Gad believes the advertisers to be lying because she negates their carb-free promotion with the transition, "But the truth is…" Had she believed they were telling the truth, she would not have made the statement. Choice B reflects what may be true, but is not affirmed by the author. Since obesity is never mentioned, Choice C is out. And Choice D may be true, but it is not supported by the passage.
3. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT one of the essential health-benefits of carbohydrates mentioned?
(A) Prevention of cancer
(B) Prevention of stroke
(C) Prevention of heart disease and diabetes
(D) Prevention of chronic pulmonary disorders
The correct answer is D. This is a simple search type of question designed to test whether or not you've comprehended what you've read. The only prevention NOT mentioned in the passage is that of chronic pulmonary disorders. Hence, it is correct. An easy way to answer these types of NOT questions is to put a "True" or "Yes" next to the answers that are mentioned, so you don't get confused by the NOT when answering.
4. It can be reasonably inferred from the passage that a diet that incorporates pasta and rice is one that is
(A) lacking enough protein and fat to maintain energy.
(B) high in carbohydrates and low in fiber.
(C) balanced because the body needs carbohydrates.
(D) reasonable because the body responds well to them, despite their lack of necessity.
The correct answer is C. It's tempting to want to choose B or D, because you may already know that certain pastas and rice are low in fiber. But, that would take us outside the realm of the passage, which is a no-no! You must answer the question presented. Choice A is incorrect, because we learn that carbohydrates provide fuel for us to burn. And Choice D would be correct, except for the last part of the sentence. We're told several times that carbohydrates are necessary for us.
5. The main function of the last paragraph is to
(A) describe the many ways to lead a healthy, happy lifestyle.
(B) describe ways in which carbohydrates can be helpful in readers' lives.
(C) persuade readers to trust nutritionists instead of advertisers about carbohydrates.
(D) persuade readers to make up their minds for themselves when it comes to carbohydrate consumption.
The correct answer is C. First, you must decide whether or not something is being described or whether you're being persuaded. What was the author's purpose with the last paragraph? Typically, a last paragraph includes a call to action of some sort, especially with an essay like this, so you could reasonably infer that you'd be have to choose between C and D. Since the first sentence of the last paragraph urges you to trust the people who know, Choice C is the most logical conclusion.