Reading comprehension requires a little bit of practice like anything else. To become a solid reader, one who understands what he or she reads, you'll need to get some tools under your belt and go after it again and again. Luckily, you can do that, here, with this Reading Comprehension Worksheet 6 – The Carbohydrate Craze. If you need even more practice, check out more reading comprehension worksheets with pdfs here.
Directions: The passage below is followed by questions based on its content; answer the questions on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage.
From Carbohydrate Craze by Dr. Rubina Gad. Copyright © 2008.
The American public's obsession with dieting has led to one of the most dangerous health misconceptions of all time. Many television ads, sitcoms, movies, magazine articles, and diet-food product labels would have consumers believe that carbohydrates are bad for the human body and that those who eat them will quickly become overweight. We are advised to avoid foods such as pasta, potatoes, rice and white bread and opt for meats and vegetables instead. Some companies promote this idea to encourage consumers to buy their "carb-free" food products. But the truth is, as I stress to patients who come to our weight-loss clinic, the human body needs carbohydrates to function properly, and a body that relies on carbohydrates but is exhausted of this dietary element is not in good shape after all.
Carbohydrates are macronutrients, meaning they are essential sources of fuel that are necessary for survival. Contrary to popular belief, carbohydrates have many health benefits; however, the key to maintaining a healthy body is to consume these and other macronutrients – such as protein and fat – in appropriate amounts.
Most foods that we consume on a daily basis are loaded with carbohydrates. Many people mistakenly believe that carbohydrates can only be found in filling foods such as potatoes and pastas. In truth, carbohydrates are also naturally found in fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and whole grains. Many of these carbohydrate-containing foods also contain essential health benefits; some fight diseases such as high blood pressure and heart disease, and others help to prevent cancer and stroke. Cutting these foods out of your diet many increase your chances of contracting one of these diseases. It also deprives your body of the many health benefits of carbohydrates.
One of the best benefits of carbohydrates is their ability to provide fuel to the muscles and the brain. They also help to maintain the health of our organs, tissues, and cells. Scientific studies have shown that one type of carbohydrate called fiber, also commonly referred to as roughage, reduces the risk of heart disease and diabetes, Carbohydrates also contain antioxidants, which protect the body's cells from harmful particles with the potential to cause cancer.
This does not mean that the human body can survive on a diet composed entirely of carbohydrates. We also need certain percentages of proteins and fats to maintain healthy bodies. But carbohydrates certainly should not be shunned altogether. In fact, the food pyramid, the recommended basis of a healthy diet, shows that a person should consume six to eleven servings of breads, grains, and pastas, as well as three to four servings each of fruits and vegetables – all carbohydrate-containing foods. It is easy to see why cutting carbohydrates out of a person's diet is not a good idea.
The only way to know what is truly healthy for your own body is to talk to a nutritionist or dietician, who can help you choose foods that are right for you as well as guide you toward a proper exercise program for weight loss, muscle gain or toning. These professionals will never tell you to cut out carbohydrates entirely! The bottom line: listen to the experts, not the advertisers!
Reading Comprehension Worksheet Questions
1. As it is used in the last sentence in paragraph 1, the word exhausted most nearly means
2. Based on the first paragraph, which of the following statements would best coincide with the author's opinion of advertisers who sell "carb-free" products?
(A) Advertisers are not promoting the truth when they promote carb-free products.
(B) Advertisers are money-hungry people who would rather make a dollar than consider the safety of their carb-free advertising campaigns.
(C) Despite their best intentions, advertisers are contributing to obesity in the United States.
(D) Advertisers have consumers' best interests in mind when they provide healthy options for Americans.
3. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT one of the essential health-benefits of carbohydrates mentioned?
(A) Prevention of cancer
(B) Prevention of stroke
(C) Prevention of heart disease and diabetes
(D) Prevention of chronic pulmonary disorders
4. It can be reasonably inferred from the passage that a diet that incorporates pasta and rice is one that is
(A) lacking enough protein and fat to maintain energy.
(B) high in carbohydrates and low in fiber.
(C) balanced because the body needs carbohydrates.
(D) reasonable because the body responds well to them, despite their lack of necessity.
5. The main function of the last paragraph is to
(A) describe the many ways to lead a healthy, happy lifestyle.
(B) describe ways in which carbohydrates can be helpful in readers' lives.
(C) persuade readers to trust nutritionists instead of advertisers about carbohydrates.
(D) persuade readers to make up their minds for themselves when it comes to carbohydrate consumption.